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Asperger Index

     
  What is Aspergers Syndrome?      
  Symptoms      
    Over-focused or obsessed        
    Do not withdraw        
    Trouble forming relationships        
    Delays in motor development        
    Very active        
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What is Aspergers Syndrome?
Asperger syndrome is often considered a high functioning form of autism. It can lead to difficulty interacting socially, repeat behaviors, and clumsiness.
Asperger syndrome is a pervasive developmental disorder (PDD) or autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The main difference between Asperger syndrome and autistic disorder is that children with Asperger syndrome do not have speech or cognitive delays.
The condition appears to be more common in boys than in girls.
Although people with Asperger syndrome often have difficulty socially, many have above-average intelligence. They may excel in fields such as computer programming and science. There is no delay in their cognitive development, ability to take care of themselves, or curiosity about their environment.
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Symptoms
Over-focused or obsessed
People with Asperger syndrome become over-focused or obsessed on a single object or topic, ignoring all others. They want to know everything about this topic, and often talk about little else.
  • Children with Asperger syndrome will present many facts about their subject of interest, but there will seem to be no point or conclusion.
  • They often do not recognize that the other person has lost interest in the topic.
  • Areas of interest may be quite narrow, such as an obsession with train schedules, phone books, a vacuum cleaner, or collections of objects.
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Do not withdraw
People with Asperger do not withdraw from the world in the way that people with an autistic disorder do. They will often approach other people. However, their problems with speech and language in a social setting often lead to isolation.
  • Their body language may be unusual
  • They may speak in a monotone, and may not respond to other people's comments or emotions
  • They may not understand sarcasm or humor, or they may take a figure of speech literally
  • They do not recognize the need to change the volume of their voice in different settings.
  • They have problems with eye contact, facial expressions, body postures, or gestures (nonverbal communication).
  • They may be singled out by other children as "weird" or "strange."
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Trouble forming relationships
People with Asperger syndrome have trouble forming relationships with children their own age or other adults, because they:
  • Are unable to respond emotionally in normal social interactions
  • Are not flexible about routines or rituals
  • Have difficulty showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest to other people
  • Do not express pleasure at other people's happiness
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Delays in motor development
Children with Asperger syndrome may show delays in motor development, and unusual physical behaviors, such as:
  • Delays in being able to ride a bicycle, catch a ball, or climb play equipment
  • Clumsiness when walking or doing other activities
  • Repetitive finger flapping, twisting, or whole body movements
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Very active
Many children with Asperger syndrome are very active, and may also be diagnosed with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Anxiety or depression may develop during adolescence and young adulthood. Symptoms of obsessive-compulsive disorder and a tic disorder such as Tourette syndrome may be seen.
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